Pre-diabetes is the early stage of developing diabetes type 2, where the blood sugar level is higher than normal, yet is not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. At this stage, there will be no symptoms of diabetes appearing such as, frequent urination, hunger, blurred vision, etc.
Pre-diabetes stage can last several years before reaching the diagnostic diabetes stage and can affect the body organs and causes damage to health through the elevation in the blood sugar, though it is mild.
Pre-diabetes at this stage can be prevented through proper diet, exercise and by following healthy lifestyle. The preventable risk factors are:-
- Sedentary lifestyle
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol and triglyceride levels
- Smoking (active and passive)
- Alcohol consumption
- High level of stress
People with pre-diabetes may have genetic background for diabetes as a risk factor, but obesity, lack of activity and inappropriate diet are the most dominant risk factors.
Blood sugar levels for pre-diabetes
The normal fasting blood sugar level is below 100 mg/dl. Pre-diabetes blood sugar level is between 100-126 mg/dl. Diabetes blood sugar level is above 126 mg/dl (diagnostic test).
Pre-diabetes also can be identified by measuring the blood sugar 2 hours after consuming a meal or known amount of sugar, where the normal level is below 140 mg/dl, pre-diabetes stage between 140-200 mg/dl, and above 200 mg/dl for diabetes condition, as a diagnostic test.
Pre-diabetes is a serious medical condition affecting the eyes, kidneys, blood circulation, but mainly it affects the heart and arteries, and may lead to narrowing the arteries, causes chest pain and heart attack.